Syllabus/Texts

HISTORY

§1. Introduction

Required

Hannah Arendt, On Revolution (Introduction and Chapter 1).

John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (Chapter XIX: “Of the Dissolution of Government”)

Optional

John Locke, Second Treatise of Government

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan

Christopher Hill, The Century of Revolution, 1603-1714

Christopher Hill, The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas During the English Revolution

Raymond Williams, “Revolution” in Keywords

 

§2. Words and Things

Required

Hannah Arendt, On Revolution (Chapters 2-3)

Condorcet, “On Revolution: On the Meaning of the Word ‘Revolutionary’” in Political Writings

Film:  Andrzej Wajda, Danton, 1983 (on reserve in Falvey Library)

Optional

Hannah Arendt, On Violence

Krishan Kumar, “Revolution” in New Dictionary of the History of Ideas

Félix Gilbert, “Revolution” in Dictionary of the History of Ideas (available online through Falvey Library)

Karl Griewank, “Emergence of the Concept of Revolution” in Revolution

Keith Michael Baker, “Revolution” in The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, Vol. 2, The Political Culture of the French Revolution

Reinhardt Koselleck, “Historical Criteria of the Modern Concept of Revolution” in Futures Past

Alain Rey, “Révolution”, histoire d’un mot

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848

 

§3. Toward a Radical History of Revolution

Required

Hannah Arendt, On Revolution (Chapters 4-6)

Eric Hobsbawm, “Hannah Arendt on Revolution” in Revolutionaries

Optional

Film:  Robert Enrico and Richard Heffron, La révolution française, 2011 (on reserve in Falvey Library; no English subtitles)

Georges Lefebvre, The Coming of the French Revolution

Georges Lefebvre, The French Revolution

David Armitage, “Every Great Revolution Is a Civil War”

Laurent Dubois, Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution

David Armitage and Sanjay Subrahmanyam, Eds., The Age of Revolutions in Global Context, c. 1760-1840

Arno J. Mayer, The Persistence of the Old Regime

Robert Palmer, The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

 

SOCIETY

§4. What Is a Social Revolution?

Required

François Furet, “Democracy and Utopia”

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of the Rights of Man

Optional

François Furet, “L’idée française de la révolution”

George Comninel, “The French Revolution as Bourgeois Revolution: Orthodoxy and Challenge” in Rethinking the French Revolution

Neil Davidson, How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions?

Immanuel Kant, Critique of the Power of Judgment

Sieyès, Qu’est-ce que le tiers-état?

Stathis Kouvelakis, Philosophy and Revolution: From Kant to Marx

Gary Kates, Ed., The French Revolution:  Recent Debates and New Controversies

Nikki R. Keddie, Ed., Debating Revolutions

John Foran, David Lane, and Andreja Zivkovic, Eds., Revolution in the Making of the Modern World: Social Identities, Globalization, and Modernity

§5. Political Subjectivities:  Class, Gender, Race

Required

Condorcet, “On Slavery” and “On the Emancipation of Women” in Political Writings

Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (prefatory letter and chapters 1-4, or p. 67-155)

Optional

Valentine Moghadam, “Modernizing Women: Reforms, Revolutions, and the Woman Question” in Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

Joan Landes, “The History of Feminism: Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet” in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Olympe de Gouges, Oeuvres

David Scott, Conscripts of Modernity

Joan Scott, Only Paradoxes to Offer:  French Feminists and the Rights of Man

Angela Davis, Women, Race & Class

Gary B. Nash, Race and Revolution

 

§6. Marxism Versus Anarchism

Session Organized with the Participation of John-Patrick Schultz

Required

Karl Marx, Capital 1.10

Karl Marx, Capital 1.32

Karl Marx, Capital 3.27

Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (Introduction)

Optional

Mikhail Bakunin, Statism and Anarchy

Karl Marx, Capital 1.25

The Marx-Engels Reader

Albert Fried and Ronald Sanders, Socialist Thought:  A Documentary History

Rosa Luxemburg, The Rosa Luxemburg Reader

V.I. Lenin, Essential Works of Lenin

Clara Zetkin, “Lenin on the Women’s Question”

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks

 

AGENCY

§7. Revolutions Made and Unmade

Required

Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (Chapters 1-2)

Jack A. Goldstone, “Theories of Revolution: The Third Generation”

Optional

Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions

Saba Mahmood, “Agency, Gender, and Embodiment” in Politics of Piety

James DeFronzo, Revolutions and Revolutionary Movements

John Foran, Ed., Theorizing Revolution

Jack Martin, Jeff Sugarman, Janice Thompson, Psychology and the Question of Agency

Jack Goldstone, Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World

 

§8. Toward a Multi-Agential Theory of Revolution (3/26 at Villanova)

Required

Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (Chapters 3-4)

Optional

Jean-Paul Sartre, Critique of Dialectical Reason

Cornelius Castoriadis, Political and Social Writings, Vol. 1-3

Bruno Latour, Reassembling the Social

Margaret S. Archer, Culture and Agency

E.P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class

Charles Tilly, From Mobilization to Revolution

Films:  Peter Watkins, La commune, 2000; Sergei Eisenstein, Battleship Potemkin, 1925 and October, 1928

 

§9. Political Efficacy (4/2 at Villanova)

Required

David Graeber, “Revolutions in Reverse” in Revolutions in Reverse

Thomas Frank, “To the Precinct Station: How Theory Met Practice… and Drove It Absolutely Crazy” in The Baffler no. 21

Optional

Cornelius Castoriadis, Political and Social Writings, Vol. 1-3

Paul Cardan, a.k.a. Cornelius Castoriadis, “Redefining Revolution”

Murray Bookchin,  “Ecology and Revolutionary Thought”

David Graeber, “A Practical Utopian’s Guide to the Coming Collapse”

David Graeber, Direct Action

Johann Hari, “Protest Works: Just Look at the Proof,” The Independent, October 29, 2010.

 

INTERMEZZO

§10. Writing Revolution (4/9 at Villanova)

Required

Victor Hugo, Ninety-Three

Optional

Victor Hugo, “Reply to an Act of Accusation”

Victor Hugo, Bug-Jargal

Victor Hugo, Les Misérables

Leo Tolstoy, “Epilogue: Part Two” in War and Peace

Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities

 

NORMATIVITY

§11. Toward an Immanent Theory of Normativity (4/9 at Villanova)

Required

Pierre Macherey, In a Materialist Way (selection)

Franz Kafka, “Before the Law”

Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, “Immanence and Desire” in Kafka

Optional

Michel Foucault, “Preface to Transgression”

Georges Canguilhem, The Normal and the Pathological

Jacques Bouveresse, La force de la règle

Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations

Saul Kripke, Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language

Jacques Derrida, “Before the Law” in Acts of Literature

 

§12. Metanormativity, Historical Emergence and Agency without Agents (4/23 at Villanova)
Nota bene: §13 will take place on 4/16

Required

Friedrich Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morality (Preface and First Essay)

Michel Foucault, “Nietzsche, Genealogy, History”

Optional

Friedrich Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols

Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish

 

THE CONTEMPORARY CONJUNCTURE

§13. Topological Capture:  Thinking the Present (4/16 from 4-6:30 p.m. at The Wooden Shoe)

Required

Alain Badiou, The Rebirth of History (first half of the book)

Film:  Bahrain: Shouting in the Dark

Optional

Andrew Whitehead, “Eric Hobsbawm on 2011”

Perry Anderson, “On the Concatenation in the Arab World”

Jürgen Habermas,  “The New Obscurity: The Crisis of the Welfare State and the Exhaustion of Utopian Energies”

Alain Badiou, The Communist Hypothesis

Hamid Dabashi, The Arab Spring:  The End of Postcolonialism

Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, Declaration

Slavoj Žižek, The Year of Dreaming Dangerously

 

§14. Mapping the Contemporary Revolutionary Conjuncture (4/25 from 5-7:30 p.m. at The Wooden Shoe)

Required

Alain Badiou, The Rebirth of History (second half of the book)

Optional

Alain Badiou, Philosophy for Militants

Noam Chomsky, Occupy

Tavis Smiley and Cornel West, The Rich and the Rest of Us: A Poverty Manifesto

Paul Mason, Why It’s Kicking Off Everywhere:  The New Global Revolutions

Slavoj Žižek, Demanding the Impossible

 

Final Research Projects

5/9: Rough drafts are due

5/9-5/14: Virtual research symposium

5/18: Final papers due

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